Debt Recovery in Romania through Litigation
Debt recovery in Romania through litigation can be done on the basis of a few different procedural options. You can choose one of them depending on the amount and provenience of the debt.
The Low-value Claims
You can use this procedure only for debts that are lower than 10.000 RON (roughly 2300 euros). It consists of a very simplified judgment, based primarily on a written procedure.
The judicial tax is very low in this procedure and ranges from 50 to 200 RON.
You will have to base your claim mainly on documents. Other types of evidence can be administered only if they are absolutely necessary.
You cannot use this procedure for debts that are owed in relation to a few specific matters. For example, matters of inheritance, insolvency, renting contracts for real estate or employment.
Debt Recovery in Romania through the Payment Ordinance Procedure
This procedure has the advantage of being faster than regular litigation procedures. This comes at the cost of not being allowed to use any other evidence than documents and statements of the parties.
You can only use this procedure for debts that are generated by contracts or other agreements assumed by both parties in a written form. The law provisions very few exceptions from this rule.
The Regular Litigation Procedure in Debt Recovery
In addition to the two specific procedures describe above, there is also a standard litigation procedure that applies to any type of debt. You can use this procedure for any debt, regardless of its amount or source. You can also use any means of proof of the ones allowed to prove a debt.
The regular procedure is usually more time-consuming. Judicial taxes stand roughly at 3% of the value of the debt in the first court. However, you get the advantage of being able to use this procedure for any type of debt.
If you need more information about this subject, you can contact us at any time.